332 – Logan’s Complete Tutor for the Highland Bagpipe by Logan and Co.

An update by Geoff Hore 2008-2015.  The writing in black font is from A Bibliography of Bagpipe Music. The update comments are in blue font.

 

Cannon identified seven different editions of this famous tutor. He also mentioned a number of others with different dates but did not assign edition numbers to them. Moreover, he commented that there appeared to be many editions issued in rapid succession. The present writer has a large number of previously unknown editions and they confirm the comment above.

This collection has had four major revisions:

  1. c1901 (Initial publication)
  2. Prior to 1916 (By unknown persons)
  3. 1923 (Competent authorities)
  4. 1936 (William Ross)
  5. 1962 (John MacLellan).

Furthermore, there have been a number of publishers throughout the life of this tutor and those identified at this time are:

  1. 1901-c1916; Logan and Company
  2. c1916-23; Logan & J Marr Wood Ltd
  3. 1923-25; Paterson, Sons and Co Ltd
  4. 1925 and later; Paterson’s Publications Ltd.

The question of edition numbering of this book is a vexed one. Cannon classed as a new ‘edition’ any printing that he could distinguish in any way from its predecessors. This works well when one is positive that all editions of a book are known; the bibliographer simply assigns numbers in chronological order.

However, in the case of Logan’s Tutor this does not work because just as we think we have found all editions, a new one turns up. Cannon located about a dozen different editions but the present writer has identified more and this number is now over 30. There is no doubt more will turn up and this has forced the abandonment of assigning edition numbers – at least for the time being.

The one that Cannon calls edition I will retain that number but all other editions will be identified by its date. When we are sure that all editions have been identified the re-numbering will be carried out.

The present writer has an early edition that may well predate the one Cannon thought was the first. Both editions have been inspected and although there are differences between the two it is not possible to state categorically that one came before the other. The details of these differences will be commented on when discussing the individual books.

1      c1901

Logan’s / complete tutor for the / Highland bagpipe / and a selection of / marches, quicksteps, laments, / strathspeys, reels & country dances, / followed by / piobaireachd exercises & the famous piobaireachd / Cha Till Mc.Crimmon, / (Mac Crimmon will never return) /

Logan & Compy. / Inverness, Aberdeen, Elgin, & Nairn. / At left: Ent. Sta. Hall / Price 1/- / nett /
p [i], title; p [ii], index; pp I-XII, instructions; pp 1-31, tunes 1-55; pp 32-37, piobaireachd exercises; pp 38-39, piobaireachd; p [40], ‘list of Italian, Gaelic, and other musical terms’.

City Library, Dundee.

Covers missing; bound up with some other books. 6.4 x 10. 0”. This copy formerly belonged to the piobaireachd player George Wilkie. It is signed ‘George Wilkie Dundee 1901’ on page 1, and contains some annotations and corrections in MS.

There is every reason to believe that this is the first edition and that the year of publication was 1900 or 1901 – probably the latter since it is not listed in Manson’s bibliography. In many respects the instructional matter resembles that of MacPhee’s Tutor, previously published by Logan & Co. (no 318 above).

1902-16

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Contents as 1 except p 40 is numbered. The Author’s Collection.

In pristine condition.

This book has been inspected alongside the one described above which is currently held in the Wighton Collection in the Dundee Public Library. The two are identical except for the following:

  1. In this book page 40 is numbered. In the one above it is not.
  2. On pages 6, 9, 10, 16, 29 and 30 there is an asterisk beside one of the tunes and at the bottom of each page is the statement ‘*By permission of Mr David Glen,Edinburgh.’
  3. The front cover and title-page have been stamped ‘Shearer & Sons, Musical Instrument Makers and Repairers, 61 London Street, (Glasgow Cross), Glasgow .’

The omission or addition of the page number does not assist in determining that one book came before the other.

The comments about David Glen are certainly interesting and it may be they were inserted because of a lawsuit that occurred in 1900. Some years ago Keith Sanger of Edinburgh found an article in the Glasgow Herald of 27 June 1900 that described a lawsuit by David Glen against Peter Henderson in which Glen alleged Henderson had used some tunes that breached Glen’s copyright. The result of the court case was not disclosed in the article.

It could be argued that the statement ‘*By permission of Mr David Glen, Edinburgh.’ was added when the book was first published and removed from subsequent editions. Equally, some might say that Glen noticed they were missing from the first edition and demanded they be added to the second edition. The New & Revised edition below still has the tunes but not the comments.

Before 1916

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Contents as in 1 except p 40 is numbered plus pp [41, 42], advertisements Logan’s Collection Book 1 and MacPhee’s Bagpipe Tutor.

  • The Author’s Collection. Two copies. One has the cover missing and the other ends at page 30.

The exact date of this book cannot be determined at this time. The revision must have appeared after the edition above but we do not know how soon after. The publisher’s imprint changed in 1916 or 17 to Logan & J. Marr Wood Ltd and therefore this edition must have appeared before 1916.

One might think that with ‘New & Revised Edition’ above the title-page it will have major changes throughout but this not the case with the revisions being to the Instructions only. On page VII the method of playing the C doubling is shown with a High G gracenote rather than the D gracenote as it had been in the earlier editions. However, the written instruction is for the old method of playing it. The tunes that have this doubling still have it in the older style. Also at the bottom of page VII the single line of exercises has been expanded.

On page VIII an additional method of playing the D grip is added. Page IX has a number of changes. Under the heading ‘A round and distinct movement’ some of the C and B doublings now have a High G gracenote rather than a D gracenote but the revision has not been consistent as there are some that have been overlooked.

1910

Cannon states he had not come across any edition intermediate between I and III but evidently there were such. In the Piping Times for June 1954 (vol 6, no. 9, page 8) E. Allain stated that in 1946 he had a copy bearing the date 1910.

The present writer has six editions that evidence shows were published between 1901 and 1923 but they are all undated. This implies that Logan’s did not date any books and perhaps the 1910 date that E Allain commented on was hand written by a previous owner.

c1916-23

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Contents as in 1 except p 40 is numbered plus pp [41, 42], advertisements Logan’s Collection Book 1 and MacPhee’s Bagpipe Tutor.

  • The Author’s Collection.

Cannon states that the name change to Logan & J. Marr Wood Ltd occurred in late 1916 or early 1917 and continued until mid 1923 at latest. It has been assumed this edition was published before the two following because the price is cheaper.

1917-23

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Contents as in 1 except p 40 is numbered plus pp [41, 42], advertisements Logan’s Collection Book 1 and MacPhee’s Bagpipe Tutor.

  • The Author’s Collection. At one time this belonged to Ronald McCullie, 74 Arklay Street, Dundee, Scotland.

Although this is the same as the one above the price of 2/- decrees that it is a different printing.

c1917-23

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Contents as in 1 except p 40 is numbered.

  • The Author’s Collection.

The words ‘Nairn and Dingwall’ in the imprint are omitted and makes this a different edition. All the editions from 1901 have the four addresses, Inverness, Elgin, Nairn and Dingwall and it is assumed the reduction to two addresses must have been a later happening. Logan & J Marr Wood Ltd ceased publishing in about 1923 so this is the last possible date.

c1923-25

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p [i], title; p [ii], index; pp I-XIII, instructions; p [XIV] blank; pp 1-31, tunes -1-55; pp 32-37, pibroch exercises; pp 38-39, pibroch; p 40, glossary.

  • Roderick Cannon’s Collection.* 6.8 x 10.2″. Signed ‘P.M.R.M. Feb. 1925’.
  • Mitchell Library, Glasgow.* Paper cover. 6.7 x 10.2″.
  • Public Library, New York.* Bound up with the eight parts of Logan’s Collection (327). Blue paper cover. 6.6 x 10.0″. Received 10 July 1925.
  • Black Gate Museum, Newcastle.
  • The Author’s Collection. Two copies, both with covers missing.

A note on page I reads, ‘This world famous Tutor has been entirely revised by the most competent authorities, April 1923’. There are many differences between this and the first edition. Perhaps the most important, though by no means the most obvious, is on page VIII where the directions for playing the doubling of C have been altered to read, ‘. . . be sure the little finger is kept on’ instead of ‘off’ as previously, thus advocating the closed C fingering which is now standard practice. There are many alterations of grace notes but only one new tune is introduced: ‘Mrs. MacLeod of Raasay’ on p 5 replacing ‘Calum Crubach anns a’ Ghlenn’ which had been a duplicate of ‘Miss Drummond of Perth.’ The piobaireachd and piobaireachd exercises are provided with translations into Nether Lorn canntaireachd, evidently based on an article by J. P. Grant in B. Seton and J. Grant, The Pipes of War (Glasgow, MacLehose Jackson, 1920, p 183). In these translations the letter ‘e’ representing an E grace note is sometimes amended or misprinted as ‘c’, so that for example hioeo is written hioco,

This edition can be dated from between April 1923 and 10 July 1925, the New York Public Library acquisition date (or perhaps even Feb 1925 if the date on the book in Roderick Cannon’s collection can be believed is the date of purchase). The Piobaireachd Society’s Collection (no 352) Book 1 was published in November 1925 by Paterson’s Publications Ltd and it seems likely the change from Paterson, Sons & Co Ltd occurred in 1925.

After 1925

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Contents as per 1923-25 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection. Boards. The boards have been bound to the book post publication.

This previously unknown edition is identical to the 1923-25 edition but it must postdate that edition because of the publisher’s details. Paterson, Sons & Co Ltd changed to Paterson’s Publications Ltd in 1925 but before 25 November of that year.

After 1925 but before 1937.

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Contents as per 1923-25 edition (it is possible that there were extra pages at the end).

  • The Author’s Collection. The rear cover is missing and possibly other pages as well.

This edition can be dated after 1925 because of the publisher’s details in the imprint but cannot be dated 1937 or later because that is the first year the revision by William Ross was published. It has not been ascertained when the address 36-40 Wigmore Street started to be used.

Page I has the standard statement ‘This world famous Tutor has been entirely revised by the most competent authorities. 1923.’ Cannon briefly describes two books dated 1936 in the Euing Library (Glasgow University) and Edinburgh Public Library and as this book does not have the date 1936 it is assumed it came out before that date. The hand written date, 1936, by J M Beckett may be the date he bought it.

1936

Euing Library (Glasgow University) and Edinburgh Public Library have a copy dated 1936.

1937

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p [i], title; p [ii], index; pp I-XIII, instructions; p XIV, List of Italian, Gaelic, and other Musical Terms; pp 1-36, tunes -1-62; pp 37-42, pibroch exercises; pp 43-44, pibroch.

  • Roderick Cannon’s Collection.* Paper covers. 6.8 x 10. 3 “.
  • The Author’s Collection.

On page I is the note, ‘This world famous Tutor has been entirely revised by Pipe-Major William Ross. January 1937’; on pages I and 1, ‘Copyright by Paterson’s Publications Ltd. December 1936’.

There is a running title ‘Bagpipe Tutor’ on pp II-XIV, 1-9, 11-29, 31-43. The copy in the writer’s collection has this running title throughout.

It is clear that there were many editions issued in rapid succession, of which this is but one example. An editorial note in the Piping Times, vol 6, no 6, page 19 (March 1954) refers to a revision by Pipe-Major William Ross in 1936. The Euing Library (Glasgow University) has a copy dated 1936; the Edinburgh Public Library has copies dated 1936 and 1938. Another dated 1940 was priced 3s. (The title-page is reproduced as an advertisement on the back cover of William Ross’s collection, books 4 and 5 of edition V – see below, no. 348).

There has been much change in the music. Many of the existing tunes have been completely revised with new settings and in some cases 3rd and 4th parts added. Some tunes have been replaced with new ones and others have been moved to other parts of the book.

1938

Edinburgh Public Library has a copy dated 1938.

1939

Screen Shot 2015-09-19 at 11.13.16 AMp [i], title; p [ii], index; pp I-XIII, instructions; p [XIV], ‘list of Italian, Gaelic, and other musical terms’; pp 1-36, tunes 1-62; pp 37-42, piobaireachd exercises; pp 43-44, piobaireachd;

  • The Author’s Collection.

The book in the writer’s collection has three different dates:

  1. At the bottom of pages I and 1, there is ‘Copyright by Paterson Publications Ltd.December 1936’;
  2. At the top of page I is the statement ‘This world famous Tutor has been entirelyrevised by Pipe-Major William Ross January 1937’; and,
  3. On the cover and the title-page ‘1939 Revised Edition by Pipe-Major William Ross’.

Nearly all the books published after 1937 have a date at the top of the front cover and title-page. This shows that the Willie Ross revised versions were reprinted at two or three yearly intervals until 1963 with very little change to the content.

Inside the rear cover is an advertisement for William Ross’s Collection Book 3 (No 348) and the information suggests this is an unknown edition that post dates editions 1 (1938) and 2 (1938) and predates edition 3 (after 1944). The advertisement includes a list of all the tunes in the book and includes Lord David Douglas-Hamilton’s Wedding March composed by Willie Ross, on page 47. This marriage occurred on 15 October 1938 1 and Willie Ross was the piper for the occasion.

1940

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Contents as per 1939 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.

This edition does not have January 1937 on page I as described above. In fact, this date is missing from all subsequent editions that the present writer has seen. This book has an advertisement inside the rear cover and it is identical that described in the 1939 edition.

1941-43

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Contents as per 1939 edition

  • The Author’s Collection

This edition differs from that above in three respects:

  • The price has been raised to 3/-.
  • The words ‘Printed in Scotland’ appear on the front cover as well as the title-page.
  • The advertisement inside the rear cover is for a later edition of Pipe Major W Ross’sCollection of Highland Bagpipe Music Book III.The advertisement lists all the tunes in the book and now includes three extra tunes:
  • Queen Elizabeth’s March on page 1b,
  • Lord David Douglas-Hamilton’s Wedding March by Willie Ross on page 47, and
  • The Scottish Horseman’s Farewell by Lord James Stewart Murray 1939 on page 48.The tune Argyll and Western Isles is still included in the advertisement but was replaced by Scotland’s Salute to the Home Guard composed by Willie Ross at some time soon after 1944 (the date when it was composed). Although this edition of Logan’s Tutor is dated 1940, it can definitely be dated after 1941 as that is the date when Queen Elizabeth’s March was composed. There is perhaps another dating clue in the imprint. It shows the Anglo-American Music Co, 144 Victoria St, Toronto were the Canadian distributors.In the website www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com, Helmut Kallmann states that the Anglo-Canadian Music Co was founded in 1885 and in ‘about 1943 it was acquired by Canadian Music Sales, which continued to sell Anglo-Canadian publications under the Anglo-Canadian name.’ This date may be the last time Paterson’s used Anglo-Canadian Music Co as the writer has a number of books that can be dated to the mid 1940s and some of these do not list a Canadian distributor whilst later books list Boosey & Hawkes (Canada) Ltd, 10 Shuter Street (and later again 209 Victoria Street), Toronto.It is therefore tempting to date this edition to between 1941 and 1943.

After 1943

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Contents as per 1939 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection

Once again there is little information in this edition that makes dating it a certainty. Inside the rear cover is an advertisement for Pipe Major W Ross’s Collection of Highland Bagpipe Music Book IV and is priced at 3/6 and this is almost certainly the first edition which was published in December 1943.

The publisher’s imprint on both the front cover and title-page differs from any other editions found thus far. Most of them list four overseas sellers, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and USA. This edition omits the Canadian seller (refer the comments in the edition above).

After 1943 and before 1950

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Contents as per 1939 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.

At the bottom of page I is the copyright date of 1936 and there is no other date. However, on the back cover is ‘Printed by Whitcombe and Tombs Limited’. Whitcombe and Tombes Ltd were a New Zealand printing and book-selling company until 1971 when they changed their name to Whitcoulls Ltd.

After WW II import restrictions were imposed in New Zealand that necessitated local manufacturers filling the void. The idea of printing (most likely under licence) bagpipe music books locally was one method of overcoming the problem. Neil and Allan McPhee manufactured bagpipes in Wellington from 1945 until 1951 for exactly the same reasons.

Inside the rear cover is an advertisement for Pipe-Major William Ross’s Collection of Highland Bagpipe Music (number 348 below) Book IV. The 1st edition appeared in about December 1943.

The imprint has the Boosey and Hawkes (Canada) Ltd address at 10 Shuter Street, Toronto. The edition dated 1948 has the same address but by 1950 it had changed to 209 Victoria Street, Toronto. Boosey and Hawkes (Canada) Ltd were first used in about 1944.

Editions before and after this one have either, ‘Printed in Scotland’ or ‘Printed in Great Britain’ on the front cover or the title-page or both. It is noteworthy that there is no price on either the title-page or front cover.

Below the Contents is the comment ‘Copyright Arrangements by Pipe-Major William Ross.’

1948

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Contents as per1939 edition plus pp [45, 46], blank; pp [47, 48], advertisements.

  • The Author’s Collection.

The digit 8 in the date at the top of the title-page is in a different font. Undoubtedly older plates were used and amended to suit. On the front cover, the date had been 1940 but the 0 has been amended by hand to make it look like an 8. It seems a crude method of changing the date compared with that on the title-page.

1950

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Content as per 1939 edition pp [45-48], advertisements.

  • The Author’s Collection.

This edition has a few minor changes.

c1950

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Contents as per 1939 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.

This edition is very similar to the New Zealand printed book described above and is in mint condition. It was purchased from Canada and on the front cover has a rubber stamp with ‘Fort St Ray Hamerton Limited, Winnipeg, Man’ and another with ‘Price in Canada $1.00’. According to his daughter Carolyn Hamerton MacKenzie, Ray Hamerton was in business from the late 1930s until the 1960s. One of his catalogues dated 1952 lists a Logan’s Tutor priced at $1-00 and it may, or may not, be this book.

There is no indication where it was printed. There are five advertisements at the rear for Books 1-4 of William Ross’s Collection and Piper’s Delight. The publisher’s imprint differs in that it gives the Canadian agent’s, Boosey and Hawkes’, address as 209-213 Victoria Street, Toronto.

There are two reasons for believing this book must have been published about 1950:

  1. The Boosey and Hawkes address changed to 209 Victoria Street at that time, and
  2. The advertisement for William Ross books does not include Book 5 and this wasfirst published in 1950.

The music pages have been made from recycled paper and are a cream colour.

1953

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Contents as per 1939 edition plus 99 [45-46], advertisements (there may have been other pages).

  • The Author’s Collection. The rear cover missing.

The running title at the foot of each page does not appear in this or later editions.

c1951-1954

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Contents as per 1939 edition plus pp [45-48], advertisements.

The Author’s Collection.

The copyright date 1936 appears on pages I and 1, however, the price, 3/6, indicates it was probably published between 1951 and 1954.

1955

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Contents as per 1939 edition plus p 45, ‘the Coronation Bagpipe March’; pp [46-48], advertisements.

Central Public Library, Edinburgh.

Paper covers. 6.9 10.0”.

  • The Author’s Collection

The ‘Coronation Bagpipe March’ was first issued as a single sheet in 1953, and presumably it was added to the Tutor at the earliest opportunity.

1957

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Contents as per 1955 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.

1959

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Contents as per 1955 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.

1960

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Contents as per 1955 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.

1962

Cannon states in the Bibliography that he had seen an edition dated 1962.

1963

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p [i], title; p [ii], index; p 1, introduction; pp II-VI, section I, ‘notation’; pp VII-XVII Section II, tutor with exercises; pp XVII-XVIII, care of pipes, reeds, etc; pp1-36 tunes 1-66; pp 37-42, piobaireachd exercises; pp 43-44, pibroch.

  • Mitchell Library, Glasgow. 6.9 x 10. 0″.
  • Picton Library, Liverpool.*
  • Central Public Library, Edinburgh.
  • British Library, London.
  • The Author’s Collection.

The most important differences between this and the preceding edition are (i) the scale is explained by means of photographs instead of hole diagrams; (ii) on pp VIII-IX is a series of photographs showing how the pipes are handled; (iii) the exercises are altered somewhat; (iv) the three tunes on pp 21, 28, 31 have been replaced by seven others; (v) the pibroch has been reset with the addition of taorluath and crunluath movements.

1966

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Contents as per 1963 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.

1968

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Contents as per 1963 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.

1975-77

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Contents as per 1963 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.

There is no title-page and the above scan is the from the cover. An advertisement on the rear cover lists a number of bagpipe music books published by Paterson’s Publications Ltd. The Royal Irish Rangers was published in 1975; therefore this edition can be dated after 1975 and before the one below.

After 1976

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Contents as per 1963 edition.

  • The Author’s Collection.  This can be dated after 1976.

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  • Rev 00 (28 September 2008)
  • Rev 01 (17 December 2008)
  • Rev 02 (12 January 2009) This revision adds another new find from 1917-23.
  • Rev 03 (Not Published) This revision adds the 1936 edition.
  • Rev 04 (21 July 2009) Adds the 2nd edition and a number of minor amendments.
  • Rev 05 (30 September 2009) Adds two new editions c1940.
  • Rev 06 (9 November 2009) Adds 1917-23 and 1950 editions.
  • Rev 07 (7 February 2010) Adds further details to the 1917-23 edition and also a number of minor amendments.
  • Rev 08 (1 February 2011) Adds a new edition 1951-54 and updates comments on a number of books.

© Geoff Hore 2011